肝炎

肝炎,顾名思义指肝脏炎症,常由病毒感染引起。五种不同类型肝炎病毒(甲,乙,丙,丁及戊)中,仅乙,丙及丁型可致慢性肝炎,造成对肝脏长期损伤。慢性肝炎同时亦为导致肝癌之主要因素。

患病率

  • 全球乙型及丙型肝炎病毒携带者超过5亿(每12人就有1人感染),由此所致之死亡人数每年超过100万人。
  • 亚太地区为全球病毒性肝炎重灾区;其中于中国大陆及印度,约1.23亿人感染HBV,5900万人感染HCV,占全球所有感染人数约50%。
  • 长期感染肝炎病毒及每年死亡人数等同于艾滋病,结核及疟疾所致危害,然而尽管该病所致之影响不齐他病,人类对于肝炎始终缺乏应有警醒,而各国政府对该病亦严重缺乏重视。

世界卫生组织于公元2010年5月21日,通过有关病毒性肝炎之决议 (WHA63.18)。首次将病毒性肝炎确认为全球性医疗议题,并确立每年7月28日为「世界肝炎日」。

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NOhep is a global, grassroots movement aimed at bringing all stakeholders together to eliminate viral hepatitis by 2030. It has been developed to create global awareness of the disease, similar to the red ribbon for HIV/AIDS, and was launched in 2016. NOhep firmly positions itself at the forefront of the elimination conversation, showcasing exemplary leadership, fostering on-the-ground innovative solutions and taking action to support the policy changes needed to eliminate this cancer-causing illness by 2030. Being a part of NOhep means being part of the solution. (To find out more about the development of this exciting initiative, watch this short video: https://youtu.be/Oer-rGwnKZU

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>> 基本概况
病毒性肝炎
全球约有20亿乙肝病毒(HBV)携带者。
由该病毒所致之急性或慢性肝病,平均每
年夺取约60万人生命
如果未经有效治疗,患慢性丙肝及其他
进展性肝病(如肝硬化)之患者比例至2015
年将大幅提升百分之三十八。
目前并无丙肝预防疫苗问世,但约80%
患者可经有效针对性治疗而获痊愈
                                          >>更多信息
世界肝炎日 7月28 日
world hepatitis day-cn

世界卫生大会通过有关病毒性肝炎的

决议(WHA63.18),首次将病毒性肝炎

确认为全球性医疗议题,并确立每年

728日为世界肝炎日>>更多信息

>> 视频录影资料
病毒性肝炎所致之全球性健康危害

 

CEVHAP主席陈定信教授

 

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